Female patients can make use of sperm donation in the following situations:
- When their partner’s semen is highly pathological coupled with poor results from in vitro fertilisation.
- When there is a lack of spermatozoa (azoospermia) both in the ejaculate and in the testicular biopsy (an outpatient procedure done under local anaesthetic).
- When the man is a carrier of a genetic disease which cannot be studied in the embryos.
- When the man is a carrier of a sexually transmitted disease and it is not possible to eliminate the virus from the semen.
- When chromosomal abnormalities are detected in the semen.
- When the man has a positive blood group (homozygous state), and the woman has a negative one as well as being isoimmunised (she produces antibodies which attack the red blood cells of the foetus which has a positive blood group).
- In the case of women who do not have a male partner.