10 April 2019
Faint line on pregnancy test: what does it mean?
In just the same way as there’s no such thing as being ‘a little bit pregnant’, when you take a pregnancy test at home, there should ideally be no such thing as an ambiguous result. But unfortunately that is in fact sometimes the case. Even though a faint positive pregnancy test sounds almost as illogical… View Article
2 March 2019
What is a heart-shaped womb and will it affect your pregnancy?
A heart-shaped womb may sound picturesque and endearing but in fact it can sometimes, but not always, lead to problems. This is the common term for a bicornuate uterus, a condition in which the womb is literally heart-shaped as opposed to its normal form, often likened to an inverted pear. A heart-shaped womb during pregnancy… View Article
25 February 2019
Causes of female infertility: what are they and how can they be treated?
The causes of infertility for couples may originate in the man (30%), in the woman (30%) or sometimes both, but in this IVI blog article we are focusing on infertility in women. The causes of infertility are many and varied. They range from anovulation resulting from physical stress, to hormonal disturbances. Some of the most… View Article
19 February 2019
What does the latest research show about the future of male fertility?
A ground-breaking study into current levels of male fertility has been undertaken by fertility specialists at IVI. It used the largest sample of men ever studied to date in world scientific literature. Its findings confirm what many people have suspected for some time on the basis of anecdotal evidence, and what fertility specialists working in… View Article
5 February 2019
How soon after conception can you take a pregnancy test?
For anyone hoping to become pregnant, time can move slowly and days dominate the calendar. We’ve all been told not to wish the time away, but in reality, between the approximate time of ovulation and when your next period is due, it can be very difficult not to wish that the clock would speed up,… View Article
1 February 2019
When does fertility begin to decrease and how to protect your fertility?
The best-known and most obvious cause of declining female fertility is age, with women’s peak fertility age being during their 20s, and quite a steep decline follows after the age of 35. However there are other causes which can accelerate or exacerbate the natural process of declining fertility. Among these are injuries to the fallopian… View Article
30 January 2019
What is implantation bleeding? Symptoms and signs
How our bodies function and the changes that occur, both over the years and through the monthly cycle, are always interesting. Never more so than when we are, or are hoping to be, pregnant. There’s almost certainly never a time when we monitor physical phenomena as closely and minutely as when we are hoping to… View Article
30 January 2019
When are women most fertile?
Whether you are a woman taking precautions to prevent pregnancy or someone hoping to conceive, the question of fertility seems to be always there in the background. The issue of when a female is most fertile has two aspects. Firstly, there is the point in your monthly menstrual cycle when you are most likely to… View Article
25 January 2019
What are the signs and symptoms of miscarriage and how can it be prevented?
A miscarriage, also known as spontaneous abortion, is defined as the loss of a pregnancy during the first 23 weeks. Miscarriages are much more common than most people realise. Among women who know they’re pregnant, it’s estimated that about 1 in 8 pregnancies will end in miscarriage. Many more miscarriages occur before a woman is… View Article
18 January 2019
Why am I not getting pregnant?
The decision to try for a baby can feel like a momentous moment in your life, whether for an individual or couple. When the desired pregnancy fails to materialise, we can feel surprised, let down and worried, especially when we have probably spent a significant amount of time taking precautions to prevent an unplanned pregnancy… View Article
12 January 2019
Fertility treatment for men and women: what are the options at a glance?
In this article we intend to offer a broad-brush summary of what options may be available to people with concerns about their own or their partner’s fertility and who may be considering fertility treatment or infertility treatment. Inevitably a quick overview summary cannot cover any one of the fertility treatments in depth but for those… View Article
6 January 2019
What Do You Need to Know About Fertility Drugs?
One of the most common questions that arises for people who experienced infertility or reduced fertility is concerned with the use of fertility drugs. What drugs are available, are they effective and are there any dangers and side effects? The answers to these questions fall mainly into two different areas: ‘standalone’ drugs, i.e. those which… View Article
1 December 2018
What does IVF stand for?
In Vitro Fertilisation has been part of the medical and social landscape for 40 years, and even though it is a familiar concept, we don’t always know what it means. In this article we get back to basics and set out the definition of IVF in straightforward terms and explain exactly what is involved in… View Article
29 November 2018
Low sperm count: what are the causes, symptoms and treatment?
We are seeing a growing level of awareness that problems with infertility, far from being exclusively ‘women’s problems’ are in reality often attributable to male factors. In fact, current estimates are that between one third and 40% of all infertility cases arise from this cause. And within that group, the vast majority, 90% of cases,… View Article
21 November 2018
Am I fertile? How to understand and safeguard your fertility
For a significant part of every woman’s life, and for men too, understanding how to know if you’re infertile or fertile, and if so at which times, is a burning question. This applies equally for those who wish to avoid pregnancy, at least for the time being, and to those who would like to… View Article
13 November 2018
How does sperm injection into eggs using ICSI treat male infertility?
In the forty years since the in-vitro fertilisation (IVF) assisted reproduction technique was first successfully carried out, there have been many very significant developments and refinements of the method. One of the most important of these is Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection, known as ICSI. This has enabled pregnancy to be achieved successfully in couples diagnosed with… View Article
6 November 2018
Secondary Infertility: what is it and what are the treatments?
Secondary infertility is the inability to become pregnant or to carry a baby to term after previously giving birth to a baby. This cool and clinical description defines the term accurately, but can’t begin to describe the bewilderment, anxiety and sheer pain that patients experiencing secondary infertility can feel. Very often the feeling of loss… View Article
23 October 2018
What are the most recent advances in assisted fertility techniques?
IVI, the largest assisted reproduction group in the world, has been offering the most advanced and effective assisted fertility treatments for more than 27 years, thanks to which more than 160,000 babies have been born to date. However, this is not the full story of how the organisation works. It is also at the… View Article
8 October 2018
IVF: Success rates, multiple births, cost… What are the facts?
It’s only been 40 years since the birth of Louise Brown, the very first human to be born following conception by In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF). In that relatively short period of time, the individual herself has become a mother of two healthy children and what seemed then to be a miracle of futuristic science… View Article
1 October 2018
What is the ovarian reserve and what does it mean for fertility?
The ovarian reserve simply describes the number of egg follicles remaining in a woman’s ovaries. Clearly the ovarian reserve therefore has implications for fertility or infertility, but it is not a simple yardstick. It is quite possible to have a low ovarian reserve and still conceive naturally, or to have a high reserve and… View Article
19 September 2018
Back Pain During Pregnancy: Causes and Treatments
There’s no doubt that the experience of a longed-for pregnancy can be one of the most rewarding times of your life. But the transition from early pregnancy to new parenthood can be beset by problems. Some of these are relatively minor, though irritating, such as indigestion or heartburn, tiredness and the need for frequent… View Article
20 August 2018
How Does Endometriosis Affect Fertility and Pregnancy?
Endometriosis is the condition in which the lining of the uterus, which normally sheds itself monthly when you have your period, grows in other parts of the body, usually in the pelvic cavity. It most commonly occurs in the ovaries, fallopian tubes and the tissue lining your pelvis. Although this can be a painful… View Article
13 August 2018
What is ESHRE and how does it support the advancement of assisted reproduction?
The European Society of Human Reproduction and Embryology (ESHRE) was first conceived as an idea in Helsinki. The initial impetus came from Professor R.G. Edwards of Cambridge University and Dr Jean Cohen from Paris. They gained support from professional colleagues for the setup of a society to promote research on reproductive medicine and science. The ESHRE… View Article
8 August 2018
What are the myths around assisted reproduction?
As more and more people are waiting until later in life to have children, it is only normal that many will be turning to assisted reproduction in order to secure the highest chance of conceiving. There are a fair number of myths surrounding the different fertility treatments available though, and some people may be… View Article
1 August 2018
What is a follicle and how many follicles do you need?
You might never have heard of ovarian follicles before, nor expected them to be of such importance to you and your fertility. However, follicles are perhaps one of the most intrinsic parts of a woman’s reproductive system, and how many follicles you have is often a straightforward way of determining how likely you could be… View Article
30 July 2018
What is the most common fear when you don’t get pregnant?
Many couples have difficulty conceiving naturally and the most common fear when you don’t get pregnant is that there may be an issue of infertility with one or even both partners. However, whilst there may, of course, be medical reasons for not getting pregnant that could be affecting your ability to conceive, it is… View Article
25 July 2018
Non-invasive prenatal tests – What are they and who can benefit?
Non-invasive prenatal tests represent a remarkable breakthrough in the way that prenatal genetic screening is carried out. In the past there have been several different types of prenatal genetic testing available, but these have presented certain drawbacks which could in some cases have been a discouragement to their use. This meant that previous generations… View Article